Lawns produce a significant amount of nutrient-rich storm water runoff, and research shows that such runoff can potentially cause eutrophication in streams, lakes, and estuaries. Pesticide runoff can contaminate drinking water supplies with chemicals toxic to both humans and aquatic life. Many lawn owners are unaware to content of phosphorous and nitrogen in their fertilizer. Taking proper care of lawns is important to the town. Below are several lawn care tips:
Choosing your plant selection is important. Try and choose a low-water-using flower, tree, shrub, and groundcover. Many of these plants need watering only in the first year.
Improve your soil by mixing peat moss or compost into the soil before planting. This helps the soil to retain water. You can use terraces and retaining walls to reduce water run-off from sloped yards.
Install water efficient drip or trickle irrigation system.
Limit the amount of grass area. Try to plant groundcovers, indigenous plants, or slow-growing, drought tolerant vegetation. If replanting lawns, use drought-tolerant grass seed mixes.
Use a 3-inch-deep layer of mulch, such as pine needles, shredded leaves, or bark. Mulch will keep soil moist, prevent erosion, and smother weeds.